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82457acb1a Main article: Osteoporosis. The Phenice method is commonly used to determine the sex of an unidentified human skeleton by anthropologists with 96% to 100% accuracy in some populations.. Shifting from hunting to agriculture has caused human bone density to reduce significantly.. Then each of the metatarsals forms a joint with one of the set of phalanges in the toes. PMC2013746. See also. The upright posture of humans is maintained by the axial skeleton, which transmits the weight from the head, the trunk, and the upper extremities down to the lower extremities at the hip joints.
The tibia and fibula are the bones of the lower leg. Sex differences. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier. The bone cells allow bones to: Grow and develop Be repaired following an injury or daily wear Be broken down to release their stored minerals Types of BonesAll of the bones of the body can be broken down into five types: long, short, flat, irregular, and sesamoid. .. 2 Legs = "lower limbs" Femur bones Fibula bones Tibia bones Patella bones Tarsal bones Calcaneus Talus Cuboid Navicular First Cuneiform 2nd Cuneiform 3rd Cuneiform Metatarsal bones Phalanges The two lower limbs have symmetrical bone structures, hence the list of even numbers of bones for each name / category of bone listed. Although these cells make up very little of the total bone mass, they have several very important roles in the functions of the skeletal system. Herophilos, through his work by studying dissected human corpses in Alexandria is credited to be the pioneer of the field. comments powered by Disqus This image is copyrighted. Parts of BonesThe long bones of the body contain many distinct regions due to the way in which they develop.